西班牙塞拉马网球俱乐部景观设计 | Bajet Giramé
Landscapes in the meantime
Located by the “Alfaques” Bay, the exterior spaces of an historical rural construction (called Masía) had been reduced to residual interstices in-between autonomous pieces for touristic use: a few tennis courts, the terrace of a restaurant, a pool and a solarium. These were the result of modest works of renovation accumulated overtime following the sporadic needs of a modestly run management. This project was born “uncommisioned” since the client was simply considering the upgrade of the tennis courts, until the focused was turned into the improvement of such interstices and walkways in order to provide an infrastructural support for the uncertain future developments.
The reconstruction of an exterior space in an historical village © Bajet Giramé + JAAS
Taking the agricultural terraces in the surrounding territory as a model, the project consolidated two large surfaces and, particularly, involved the definition of its borders and the interstices amongst them: permanent walkways, small corners, and a gently sloped ramp. For their construction, Senia Stone—sourced from a nearby quarry—was used in all of its possible forms. The interstices between platforms were turned into an infrastructure channeling people, energy and water, to be stored in a subterranean reservoir used to water all the exteriors spaces and gardens with autochthonous species.
The consolidation of different surfaces © Joan Guillamat
The interstices between platforms were turned into an infrastructure channeling © Joan Guillamat
De-urbanize, drain and cycle the water
We suggested doing away with one of the tennis courts to increase the surface drainage in front the masía. Then, we used the large surfaces of the courts and the paths surrounding them to improve the flow of water. As a result, water conduits were built to capture runoff during the seasonal bouts of rain, and to feed this water into an underground reservoir, used to irrigate the property’s green areas. These, in turn, are largely populated by autochthonous species, which require very little water and are salt-tolerant. They include shrubs, such as cotton lavender, lavender, and the so-called Spanish broom, as well as trees, like the white mulberry.
Runoff capture design © Joan Guillamat
New entrance of the tennis courts © Joan Guillamat
Autochthonous species on site © Joan Guillamat
Terraces: the permanent settings for changing activities
The new platforms function as the permanent settings for a series of changing activities, solving the “meantime” situations. For its construction, and following local customs, no soil was extracted during the construction of these platforms. Instead, the terrain was shaped into terraces and, to minimize the amount of residue generated, the remains of the former courts were used to stabilize the new ones.
The new platforms function as the permanent settings for a series of changing activities © Joan Guillamat
The remains of the former courts were used to stabilize the new ones © Joan Guillamat
Cuts, scraps and gravel from Sénia
Above all, the constructive phase of the project involved delineating the borders and the intervening space between the infrastructural platforms, and in this sense, a pragmatic decision was made: all construction solutions start from the use of Sénia stone – sourced from a quarry only 10 km away – that was used in all of its possible forms, thus avoiding the unnecessary generation of rubble. To define important meeting spots, the project uses cut stone of standardized dimensions as ‘carpets’ of sorts. Then, the fragments generated in the cutting of stone were repurposed to extend an already existing ‘pavement of fragments,’ and were embedded in the floor following a pattern of structured randomness. Gravel, in turn, was used as a drainage surface and as an exposed aggregate of the water blasted concrete. Finally, in its smallest format – as sand – the stone was used for the traditional renderings of the walls.
The materiality of Sénia stone © Joan Guillamat
The utilization of different stone forms © Joan Guillamat
The location of the project © Bajet Giramé + JAAS
Plan view of the design © Bajet Giramé + JAAS
Isometric view of the design © Bajet Giramé + JAAS
设计公司：Bajet Giramé建筑事务所 + JAAS建筑事务所
设计师：Pau Bajet, Maria Giramé, Manuel Julià
Project Name: Tenis Serramar, 2020
Site: Alcanar (Tarragona-Spain)
Design Company: Bajet Giramé + JAAS
Designers: Pau Bajet, Maria Giramé, Manuel Julià
Project Size: 2.800 sqm
Photos: Joan Guillamat