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河北省邯郸园林博览会景观设计 | 土人设计

土人设计 2021-12-28
原创
  • 项目名称:
    河北省第四届园林博览会方案设计
  • 项目地点:
    河北省邯郸市复兴区
  • 项目规模:
    4875亩
  • 设计公司:
  • 委托方:
    邯郸市复兴城市和交通建设投资有限公司

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01 项目简介

Project Statement


2020年邯郸园博会的选址位于邯郸城西的复兴区,总占地面积295公顷,东侧紧邻西外环路,西抵南水北调干渠,南北各有一条城市快速路经过,会址距离邯郸机场11公里,距离邯郸东站12.5公里,交通出行便利,区位优势明显。

从邯郸整体发展规划来看,邯郸的城市发展主要是向东挺进,已规划的东部新城正在建设中,城区西部以工业为主,生态环境较差,随着邯钢的外迁,西部发展也必将受到制约,产业转型势在必行,需要注入新的城市活力。

The site of Handan Garden Expo 2020 is located in the Fuxing District, at the west of Handan City. It covers an area of 295 hectares. To the east is the West Ring Road, and the South-to-North Water Transfer Project forms its west boundary. There are two urban expressways to the north and south. The location of Handan Expo is 11 kilometers away from Handan Airport and 12.5 kilometers away from Handan East Station, which provides a convenient transportation and advantageous location.
In terms of the overall development plan of Handan, the urban development is mainly focus on its east, while the western part of the city is dominated by industry and is suffering from environment problems. With the outward migration of Handan Steel, the development of the western part will also be restricted. Thus, the industrial transformation is imperative and new urban vitality needs to be injected. 


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生态层面上,场地位于邯郸环城水系规划的四大湖区中的西湖水域,是环城绿环的重要节点,城市西部的生态屏障,也是邯郸的母亲河沁河汇入邯郸市区的首要门户,因此,园博会的建设不仅承担着传承历史文脉的责任,同时,从生态、防洪、水体净化等多方面都将起到重要作用。是邯郸城市双修的示范项目,对邯郸的城市发展意义重大。

To the ecological aspect, the site is located in the West Lake, which is one of the four biggest lakes in Handan’s river system planning. It is also an important nodes of the green circus of the city, the gateway of the mother river Qin to join Handan.Therefore, the construction of the Expo not only bears the responsibility of inheriting the historical context, but also plays a important role on ecological, flood control, water purification and other aspects. It is a demonstration project of City Betterment and Ecological Restoration Programs in Handan, and is of great significance to the urban development of Handan.


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02 目标与挑战

Site and Challenges


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生态挑战:邯郸有“钢城煤都”之称,生态环境是短板,治理污染任务艰巨而繁重。复兴区是邯郸市的重、化工业区,环境困境是影响复兴单元开发建设的核心问题。场地现状条件较差,除中间的齐村水库及部分基本农田生态条件较好外,其他大部分空置区域都是过度开采区和工业厂房废弃地,长期的垃圾堆放导致土壤和水体污染严重,需要彻底修复。场地整体地势南高北地,最大高差约30米,丰富的竖向变化让设计有了更多的创作空间。坡度较陡的区域主要集中的水库周边,部分驳岸已经硬化,如何化解高差,并生态化处理驳岸,也是本次方案设计重点要解决的问题。除此之外,场地还有需要保留的现状墓葬遗址、齐村大坝等,设计需要考虑保护和功能衔接的问题。

Ecological Challenge: Handan is known as an industry city and has many environmental problems. Fuxing District is a heavy industrial and chemical industrial zone in Handan City. Environment is the core issue affecting the development and construction of Fuxing District. Except for the Reservoir of Qi Village, and some basic farmland, most of the other areas are vacant, over-exploited and industrial abandoned. Long-term garbage dump leads to serious soil and water pollution, which needs to be thoroughly repaired. The whole site has a maximum height difference of about 30 meters, which creates opportunities for landscape architects to shape interesting spaces.How to resolve the height difference and ecologically treat the revetments are also a key problems in this project. In addition, some places still need to be preserved, such as the existing grave sites, Qicun Dam, etc. How to protect these areas and connect their surrounding functions also need to be considered.


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文化挑战:邯郸自上古时期至今历时源远流长,涵盖多个朝代,历经8000多年的文化积淀,文化资源极为丰富。场地中包括邯郸的母亲河——沁河;新石器时期发展至今的古村落——涧沟村和近现代以来兴盛的工业厂房。园博会中,如何对现有资源进行甄选并着力打造,弘扬邯郸文明古城的形象也是一项挑战。

Cultural Challenge: Handan has a long history since ancient times, covering many dynasties. After more than 8000 years of cultural accumulation, it has rich cultural resources. The site includes the mother river of Handan - Qinhe River; the ancient village of Jiangou which has developed since the Neolithic Age; the flourishing industrial factory buildings since modern times. In the horticultural exposition, how to select these resources, and carry forward the image of the ancient city of Handan civilization is also a challenge. 


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03 设计策略

Design Strategies


战略一:城市双修:对现状的工业废弃地及被破坏的环境进行生态基地修复,在城市层面上弥补复兴区的功能短板,成为城市发展引擎;

Strategy 1: City Betterment and Ecological Restoration:To restore the existing industrial wasteland and the damaged environment, make up for the shortage of functions at the urban scale, leading the development of Handan.


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战略二:简约创新:全园采用现代、清新的设计语言,结合海绵城市、智慧科技的先进理念,共建山水相融的绿色园博会;

Strategy 2: Simplicity and Innovation:The whole park is designed with modern and fresh design language, combined with the advanced concept of sponge city and intelligent technology, and built as a green garden exposition with mountains and rivers.


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战略三:城乡统筹:提升改造现状村落,少拆多建修旧如旧,充分挖掘涧沟文化,让文物走进时代,接力园博会促进乡村转型;

Strategy 3: Urban-rural Coordination:Reform the existing rural landscape and tap the culture of Jiangou village to promote the transformation of villages.


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战略四:文化塑魂:梳理邯郸千年文脉,园博十景溯源启新,生态造园文化点睛,绿色复兴生生不息;

Strategy 4: Culture:Comb the cultural contexts of Handan for thousands of years and integrate them into ten sceneries of the Expo.


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战略五:回归自然:以生态森林作为园区大基底,打造森林公园中的园博会,城市绿洲中的植物园。

Strategy 5: Back to Nature:Taking the ecological forest as the base of the park, establish a garden exposition in the forest and a botanical garden in the urban.


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04 总结

Conclusion


通过整个园博会的建设,必将带城市西部的发展,重建人与自然的和谐共生,打造永不落幕的园博会,进而实现三大设计目标:

Through the construction of the whole garden exposition, it will lead the development of the western part of Handan, rebuild the harmonious coexistence of human and nature. It will become a never-ending garden exposition, and three major design goals will be achieved:


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一、人民对美好生活的向往——将园博会的建设与市民生活的需求结合在一起,体现总书记执政为民的理念;

二、山水林田湖草生命共同体——对场地内遭到不同程度破坏的生态环境进行全方位的、彻底的修复,将沁河、园博会和城市连为一体;

三、绿水青山就是金山银山——通过园博会的建设,提升周边土地的价值,实现清新明亮的城市转型、乡村转型和文化振兴。

1. People's expecting for a better life:The construction of the Expo will be combined with the needs of citizens, reflecting Xi Jinping’s determination of governing for the people.
2. Life Community of Landscape, Forest, Field, Lake and Grass:The site will be restored to varying degrees of ecological environment and  comprehensive thoroughout Qin River, Garden Expo and the city into one;
3. Lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets:Through the construction of garden exposition, the value of surrounding land will be enhanced. Urban generation, rural transformation and cultural revitalization will come true.

 

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05 总体布局

Overall Layout


据场址的交通区位,东侧片区与西环路直接相接,位于园区的中段位置,与南北两翼的可达性较好,故将其定义为整个园博会的主入口。设计可依托现状洼地,恢复沁河的历史水道,打造一个广阔的中央湖面,重新建立起邯郸的母亲河——沁河,与邯郸城区相联系的门户形象,形成整个园博会的核心区。主场馆及邯郸园位于核心区内。北部片区地形复杂,现状存在较大的陡坡并主要分布于片区南北两端以及西侧溢洪道边,高差变化非常大,影响园区主路的通行,需在现状地形的基础上对场地竖向进行统一地梳理和设计,并利用好场地制高点设置观景场所。西部片区因为过去的工业活动与建设,场地内布满深坑与建筑垃圾,棕地、土壤污染和硬化问题严重,亟需对该片区的生态环境进行整治。设计借势现状制高点,结合净化需求对地形进行梳理与重新塑造,改造现状场地生态环境。改区内包括:矿坑花园、地市展园和清渠如许。南部片区以现状圣强特钢厂的厂房和设施构筑物为整体框架,通过改造保留工业记忆并融入新的功能,满足园博园的服务需求。

The east area links the West Ring Road, located in the centre of the Expo, and has good accessibility to the north and South wings, so it is defined as the main entrance of the Expo. Based on the existing low-lying land, the design restores the historical watercourse of River Qin with a broad central lake, reconnects the River Qin - mother river of Handan with its city area. It forms the core area of the Expo, which the main venue and Handan gardens are located in.The topography of the northern area is complex. There are large steep slopes in the site and the height difference are varying, which affects the traffic of the main road in the park. It is necessary to reshape the site, according to the existing topography, and make good use of the site commanding heights to set the viewing place.It is important for the western area to improve the ecological environment. Due to the past industrial activities and construction, the site is full of deep pits and construction waste. The brown land, soil pollution and hardening problems are serious. The design transforms the polluted area into an ecological environment by building a purify mountain and let the nature do the work. The Quarry Garden and City Gardens are also located in this area.The southern area takes the factory buildings and facilities as the overall framework, retains the industrial memory by remodeling and integrating new functions to meet the service demand of the Expo.



项目信息

项目名称:河北省第四届园林博览会方案设计

委托方:邯郸市复兴城市和交通建设投资有限公司

项目地点:中国 / 河北省邯郸市复兴区

项目面积:4875亩

设计时间:2018年11月 至 2019年11月

首席设计师:俞孔坚

项目负责人:王书芬

设计人员:王书芬,秦玥,张帆,刘春辉,陈萌萌,郭佳,李子轩,孙华,陈素波,孙陶,罗京晶,刘嘉琪,史育玉,顾海宁,刘杰,陈曙光,张要刚,阮甜子,周一男,何俞轩,何选宁,彭英豪

Project Name: THE 4TH HORTICULTURAL EXPOSITION OF HEBEI PROVINCE

Client:Handan Fuxing City and Transportation Construction Investment Co., Ltd.

Project Area:FUXING DISTRICT, HANDAN CITY, HEBEI PROVINCE, CHINA


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