上海宝山滨江（一期）岸线的生态化与市民化转型 | 大观景观设计
Located at the intersection of Yangtze River and Huangpu River, the Project is an important riverside waterfront of the Yangtze River in Shanghai with a vast water area. The waterfront before the transformation was composed of concrete flood embankments and flood control channels.
The riverside hinterland nearly consists of residential communities and green parks. The most iconic building along the waterfront is Shanghai Wusongkou International Cruise Terminal. In view of Shanghai building world-class outstanding riverside areas and connecting the public space open for the mass on both sides of Huangpu River, Baoshan District takes the riverside areas mainly used for flood control as the focus of urban transformation.
Integrating the primary and secondary platforms of the flood control embankment into the riverside open space and enhancing ecology and public attraction of the riverside areas will become great challenges for the Project.
Riverside waterfront before transformation
The design combines river, cruise and Baoshan culture, and takes "Baoshan's broadside" as its theme, to create an entertaining civil space and reflect the local uniqueness of the Project. Meanwhile, according to the master plan of riverside run-through, the Project is regarded as a regional demonstration to ensure the continuous run-through of "three routes".
Combining the distinctiveness of this project, the design puts forward three strategies, namely natural resilience, interesting experience and community integration. In terms of natural resilience, ecological riverside features shall be constructed to cope with the ecological sensitivity of riverside areas and the impact of global climate change. In terms of interesting experience, the design aims to create a riverside leisure interactive experience corresponding to the cruise culture. In terms of community integration, the contact with surrounding communities is emphasized to provide a convenient, high-quality and diversified riverside lifestyle for citizens and tourists.
Run-through of three routes
According to the master plan of riverside run-through in Baoshan District, the walk route and the jogging route shall be set on the secondary platform, and the elevation difference and pavement materials of the original platform shall be optimized and improved. The bicycle route shall run through the existing parks or along the cityline. A more hydrophilic and leisure garden trail shall be set on the primary platform. The multilevel pathway of "three routes" + "one trail" will run through the entire riverside area, meeting the requirement for diversified recreation and sports.
Overall bird view of garden trail + riverside walk route + jogging route
Garden trail on primary riverside platform
Riverside walk route + jogging route
Interesting experience - Transformation of front-line flood control embankment of Yangtze River
This area has a front-line flood control embankment of the Yangtze River requiring a high level of flood control, for which destructive transformation is forbidden. Whether ecological treatment may be carried out inside and outside the embankment on the basis of retaining the original embankment elements, to create a cozy riverside open space will become the focus and difficulty of this design.
Current state of the riverside embankment
The design boldly proposes that the passive "flood control embankment" can be transformed into an "entertaining embankment" that has amusement functions and a forgotten grey flood control basic project transformed into the first site to enjoy the scenery of the Yangtze River.
The design puts forward an improvement scheme for the current state without changing the original two-level flood control system. With the respective characteristics and height differences of the primary and secondary platforms, the "city bar" landscape on the secondary platform and the "wave garden" landscape on the primary platform are created, to attract more visitors to overlook the Yangtze River at the riverside.
Diagram of wave garden
The primary platform takes the wave garden as its theme, constitutes a water-land transition zone, reduces the proportion of original hard paving, and increases green plants, to form a garden-style walking space. An overall wavy layout is adopted, which avoids the monotony of the original linear space. Interesting and interactive content are added to its functions, to create a rich spatial experience in consideration of the changes of micro terrain.
Diagram of city bar
The secondary platform takes the city bar as its theme, with wave wall reserved. The width and thickness of the wall are considered, and a variety of urban life scenes are blended, to enable visitors to overlook the river ahead and the gardens nearby, and form a riverside space experience similar to the cabin and deck .
According to the reasonable service radius and in consideration of the existing service facilities in the riverside hinterland, service post stations are set along the waterfront, to satisfy the sports, leisure and other functional needs of citizens and tourists, and provide convenient support for possible riverside activities.
Community integration -- the first site of riverside life
At the beginning of the design, it was hoped that the transformation of the waterfront will greatly facilitate the surrounding communities and provide sufficient convenience and accessibility for citizens to enjoy the river view. Full consideration has been given to linking corridors and wider urban areas. Facts have proven that after the transformation, the waterfront soon became one of the most attractive destinations for the surrounding communities.
The riverside platforms have become the first site to enjoy the scenery of the Yangtze River, and provides a variety of leisure places for citizens from surrounding communities. Jogging and overlooking places are mainly on the secondary platform. In addition to that, one may have more activity experience in the hinterland of Binjiang Park. The activity experience on the primary platform is more diversified, with a variety of activities given to different groups.
High density during weekends
Use by residents from surrounding communities in morning and nightfall
First site to overlook the Yangze River
Riverside walking and jogging belt connected with the hinterland of Binjiang Park
Green garden trail on the primary platform
Natural slopes to stimulate children's sports talents
Attractive children's sand pool
Ornamental rock garden
Large steps overlooking the cruise terminal
Natural resilience - ecological embankment suitable for riverside
Breaking the existing fully-hardened primary platform to create an attractive ecological recreation platform is an important goal of this design.
Riverside has many restrictions: the transformation shall not damage the existing platform foundation; there are high requirements for wind resistance of plants due to riverside strong wind; there are high requirements for the water resistance of plants as the primary platform will be submerged in flood season. Therefore, the riverside environmental characteristics force the design to consider the resilience of the whole natural environment after transformation.
Natural transformation diagram of the primary platform
In view of the strong waves and winds at the estuary of Yangtze River, the design adopts precast concrete modules as the pavement of the primary platform. The large modules with a certain weight may reach the stability required for wave dissipation and flood control in extreme weather, and act as part of the plantable soil consolidation system to realize the large-area planting of amphibious plants on the masonry embankment, improving the ecological features.
Large-area plants have improved the green visibility of the hydrophilic platform and fused with the green of Binjiang Park.
The ground vegetation with a certain height and drought and water resistance are selected as far as possible, so as to meet the basic requirements for green space and create riverside plant features swaying with the wind.
Ultimate test for natural resilience
Embankment in storm
9 months after the completion of the Project, the river embankment ushered in the ultimate test for natural resilience.
From July 25 to 26, 2021, typhoon "Fireworks" landed in Putuo District of Zhoushan City. Due to the typhoon, the river flowing through Shanghai reached a high tide level of red warning, and continuous strong wind and rainfall lingered in the city.
Typhoon "Fireworks" ranks the first in rainfall and the second in maximum wind speed among typhoons in the past ten years (second only to No. 9 typhoon "Lekima" in 2019). On July 25th, the wind force in the coastal areas reached 8-10.
The designer went to the site for an evaluation immediately after the typhoon. Most of the plants has withstood the test of strong wind and heavy rain; However, impacted by the big waves, some ground plants along the riverside were beaten down, which needs to be restored in time.
Embankment site after typhoon
In the face of new problems, challenges and ideas, the design team will conduct long-term observation on the plant ecology of the embankment for further evaluation and summary.
The Project is a bold experiment to carry out a soft renewal for grey municipal infrastructure in the city (mainly flood control embankment) in the form of landscape, and create riverside features with natural charm and leisure affinity in a low impact way.
项目地点：中国 上海 宝山
方案设计团队：鲍鲁泉 王骏杰 张先之 吕文英 尚倩云 吴永清 胡晓霞 孙刘振 陈辉 钱雨馨
规划设计团队：贺佳 郑梅梅 刘慧慧 谷佃风
施工图团队：张向阳 孙杰 张燕飞 张泽民
Project： Baoshan Riverfront （Phase 1）
Location: Baoshan, Shanghai, China
Type: Public Space
Gross Built Area (square meters)：2.2KM
Scheme design：da landscape、Shanghai Zebai Landscape Design Co., Ltd.；
Planning and design：Shanghai Total Architectural Design&Urban Planning Co., Ltd. ；
Construction drawing design：Tongchuang Engineering Design CO.,LTD.
Leader designer：Xiaoqing Yang
project manager: Qin Zhang
Scheme design team：Luquan Bao、Junjie Wang、Xianzhi Zhang、Wenying Lv、Qianyun Shang、Yongqing Wu、Xiaoxia Hu、Liuzhen Sun、Hui Chen、Yuxin Qian
Planning and design team：Jia He、Meimei Zheng、Huihui Liu、Dianfeng Gu
Construction drawing team：Xiangyang Zhang、Jie Sun、Yanfei Zhang、Zemin Zhang