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泰国北榄府FORESTIAS森林馆景观设计 | TK Studio

TKStudio 2021-09-08
原创
  • 项目名称:
    泰国北榄府
  • 项目地点:
    泰国萨穆特•普拉坎省邦菲里区邦凯街道
  • 项目规模:
    项目总面积:14,605 m2 项目景观面积:11,435 m2
  • 设计公司:
  • 委托方:
    QUALITY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION LIMITED
  • 建成时间:
    2020年8月
  • 图片来源:
    RUNGKIT CHAROENWAT,Dr.ANONG CHANAMOOL, RICS

项目目标

GOALS & OBJECTIVES


Forestias多功能新区占地63.68公顷,目前是泰国最大的房地产项目之一,已规划一系列的开发内容,包括奇慧 公寓、桑树林 公寓、桑树林别墅区、山杨住宅、六感住宅、六感酒店,商业综合体和大型医疗中心。Forestias中心是一片48000平方米的城市森林,由Magnolia Quality Development Corporation (MQDC)负责开发,它连接起Forestias内所有的开发区域,为居民们创建了一个更健康喜悦的生活环境。

The Forestias of 63.68 hectares mix use development is currently one of the largest property projects in Thailand that covers a series of developments, including Whizdom condominiums, Mulberry Grove condominiums, Mulberry Grove Villas residences, The Aspen Tree residences, Six Senses Residences, Six Senses hotel, commercial complex and a large medical center. Developed by Magnolia Quality Development Corporation (MQDC), at the center of The Forestias is a 48,000 square meter of urban forest connecting all developments within The Forestias and create a healthier and happier living for all residents.


▼Forestias开发区域总平面图

Masterplan of The Forestias development

FOREST PAVILION_01_OVERALL MASTERPLAN.jpg


森林馆(Forest Pavilion)位于Forestias的城市森林内部,是通往广阔林区的门户。目前森林馆作为售楼处使用,未来将被改造为一个共享欢乐时刻的社区中心。

Located within the urban forest of The Forestias—the Forest Pavilion is the entrance gateway to the broad urban forest zone. The Forest Pavilion currently functions as the sales gallery, and will be converted into a hub of residence society for sharing of joyful moments. 


▼森林馆(Forest Pavilion)总平面图

Masterplan of Forest Pavilion 

FOREST PAVILION_02_MASTERPLAN.jpg

▼森林馆

The Forest Pavilion ©️

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在城市森林的怀抱中亲近自然,这种幸福是Forestias项目所倡导的一个简单而有力的信念。 我们相信这一社区能让所有使用者幸福感倍增。

我们的职责是要守护居民的幸福与健康, 创造与自然共生的沉浸式生活方式。基于科学研究的设计策略旨在增加景观的环境效益,且以亲生物原理(Biophilia theory)为基础来实现与大自然的和谐共处。

Happiness—is a simple yet powerful manifesto advocated in The Forestias project of living close to nature with urban forest at the center of the development. We believe this social hub can achieve multiplied efficiency of wellbeing for all users.
Our commitment is to support the happiness and wellness of the users and create an immersive experience of living with nature, which achieved by utilizing the scientific research as design strategies in order to increase the environment benefits of landscape, with the Biophilia theory as foundation to achieve symbiosis with nature in the project.



场地特征与解析

SITE CHARACTER & ANALYSIS


▼项目地点

Location of the project

FOREST PAVILION_04_LOCATION.jpg


Forestias毗邻 Bangna-Chon Buri 高速公路,距离素万那普机场20公里。Forestias的地势相对平坦,周围均是居民区。场地内主要是粘土和排水性较差的土壤,因此设计采用了各种措施来应对这些限制,包括种植耐淹耐水的植物、设计具备排水系统的树坑。为确保植物能茁壮生长,植物品种也都经过了精心挑选。有些树木被栽植在护堤上,从而使它们的根球能高于地下水位。

为了给森林馆里的游客和居民提供最大限度的私密感,沿场地边界和景观立面种植了茂密的植被,这一视觉缓冲区营造出了极佳的私密感。

The Forestias is located adjacent to the Bangna-Chon Buri Expressway, 20km away from the Suvarnabhumi Airport. The site of The Forestias is relatively flat and is surrounded by residential areas. With the existing clayey and poor drain soil on site, several design measures have been applied as solutions for the site constraints—including flood and water tolerant plants, and tree pits have been designed to ensure an effective sub-drain system. Plant species has been meticulously selected to ensure that they will thrive successfully at the project site, and some tree have been planted on berms to have their root balls raised above the underground water table.
To maximize the privacy for visitors and residents within the Forest Pavilion, dense vegetation along the site boundary and landscape elevation have been incorporated to create a visual buffer for the best exclusivity. 


▼自然环绕着的森林馆营造出极佳的私密感

Forest Pavilion in natural setting created a visual buffer for the best exclusivity

FOREST PAVILION_11_PHOTO 7.jpg



设计标准与理念

DESIGN CRITERIA & CONCEPT


众多研究已总结出自然环境对身心健康的益处,常在自然及绿植地带活动,能改善人的情绪、减轻压力、缓解抑郁和焦虑。《环境科学与技术》杂志指出,在森林和自然环境中待上15-20分钟,将显著降低血压、脉搏频率和皮质醇水平,让人们感到更加平静、舒适、生气勃勃。《欧洲健康、心理学和教育调查》杂志的研究论文表明,在户外环境中进行体育活动,例如每周至少散步一次,比在室内进行适度或剧烈的体育运动更加有益健康。而生物多样性的增加,以及与健康绿色环境的联系,也将增强人们的免疫系统和社会互动。以色列加利利医疗中心发现,维生素 D 的存在是抵御冠状病毒并使人康复的关键。此外,维生素D可以帮助缓解抑郁和其他相关的健康问题。

我们整合了上述提及的所有研究结果,将其作为森林馆的设计策略。因此,在森林馆的景观设计中,我们提出了与自然共生的理念。景观设计理念包含三个目标:建造与自然共生的未来,沉浸式的荒野体验,平衡人类活动与城市森林的生长。可持续性的户外景观和种植设计支持人们与自然互动——它整合并鼓励游览者以直接或间接的方式亲近自然。

The benefits of natural environment for mental and physical health have been summarised from a series of researches that interaction with nature and neighbourhood with vegetation cover can enhance human’s emotion, reducing stress, have lower levels of depression and anxiety. Also, a journal from the Environmental Science & Technology stated that a 15-20 minutes exposure to forest and natural environment will significantly help to lower their blood pressure, pulse rate and cortisol levels, as people will feel more calm, comfortable and refreshed. In the research paper from <European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education>, it suggested that physical activities performed in outdoor environment, such as walking at least once a week have more benefits than moderate to vigorous physical activities indoor. And the increase of biodiversity and linkage to healthy green environment will also enhance the immune system of people and the social interaction. Galilee Medical Center in Israel has discovered that presence of Vitamin D is the key for protection and recovery against the coronavirus. Moreover, Vitamin D can help reduce depression and other related health issues. 
We have integrated all mentioned knowledge to become the design strategies for the Forest Pavilion. Therefore, we have proposed the concept of symbiosis with nature in the landscape design of the Forest Pavilion. The landscape design concept embraces three objectives: planting the future of symbiosis with nature, immersing the wilderness, and balancing the human activities and the growth of an urban forest. The outdoor landscape and planting have been designed sustainably to support human interaction with nature—it integrates and encourages visitors to access to nature through direct and indirect connection. 


▼设计理念示意图

Concept diagram

FOREST PAVILION_06_CONCEPT DIAGRAM.jpg


森林馆四周环绕着生态树林,光照区与树荫区平衡自然,同时还有互动景观让人们体验户外活动带来的益处。因此,我们对场地条件进行了仔细分析,并最大限度地利用这些条件,以设计出一个吸引人们走到户外并享受自然环境的景观。用户将自然地感受到锻炼的益处,且不会觉得是被迫这样做的。在森林馆,人们将一睹与自然相处的生活方式。我们重视此次能展示与自然共生的景观设计机会。

The Forest Pavilion is surrounded by eco forests with balanced light and shade areas, and also provides interactive landscape for benefits from being outdoor. Hence, the conditions of the site have been carefully analyzed and make the most out of those conditions in order to design a landscape that attracts people go outdoor and to enjoy the quality of natural environment. Users will achieve the benefits of exercising without feeling forced to do so. At the Forest Pavilion, people will have a glance of the prototype of living with nature. We value the opportunity to design this landscape for showcasing the benefits of living with nature.



景观设计

LANDSCAPE DESIGN


森林馆的景观设计充分展示出大自然的潜在好处。我们决定将大部分区域设置为绿色空间,且要能从森林馆的各个角度都看到,还创建了多功能特色景观以最小化功能空间。室外景观也为了实用而设计,并将其融入在郁郁葱葱的植被和宜人的特色景观中。

The landscape design at the Forest Pavilion demonstrates exactly those potential benefits of nature. We decided to dedicate the majority of area as green space that can be seen from every angle of the Forest Pavilion project and creating multifunctional landscape features to minimize the functional space. The outdoor landscape has been designed to support functions, which will set in nature among lush planting design, and pleasant landscape features.


▼绿色空间鸟瞰图

Bird eye view of the green space

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当访客来到森林馆时,将从树冠广场进入或到达带有汽车充电站的停车场。当他们进入落客广场时,会注意到广场铺装上特别设计过的、印有树叶的瓷砖,这是此处主要树种的落叶——散落分布,代表着通往城市森林的入口,并以标志性建筑为背景。南翼将用作接待大厅和行政处,而北翼则用来展示桑树林公寓、奇慧公寓和山杨住宅项目。

As visitors arrive the Forest Pavilion, they will come in at the canopy tree plaza or reach the parking area with EV charging stations. When they enter the grand drop off plaza, visitors can see the special pavement design of leaves-shaped tiles imprinted on the plaza pavement, which represent the falling leaves from the feature trees—scattered and mark the threshold to the urban forest, with the background of the iconic building. The south wing will be used as reception lobby and administration; while the north wing will be used as show units of Mulberry Grove Condominium, Whizdom, and the Aspen Tree residence.


▼从自然步道看落客广场

Drop off looking from nature walk

FOREST PAVILION_08_PHOTO 4.jpg


标志性的销售处建筑,再加上Sala Thai(泰式凉亭)和蝴蝶式屋顶结构,呈现出了当地文化与自然的结合。 受建筑形式的启发,景观设计的主旨是对僵直的建筑网格形式进行转化和柔化,使之流畅地融入城市森林的自由形态中。 因此,在自然景观的陪衬下,蝴蝶形建筑如同被赋予了生命力,在令人愉悦的自然中苏醒过来。

The iconic sales gallery building with the shape of Sala Thai (Thai style pavilion) and butterfly roof structure represents the mixture of local culture and nature. Inspired by the form of architecture, the main landscape design idea is to transform and soften the rigid form of architectural grid into the natural freeform of the urban forest. Consequently, the butterfly-shaped building will be brought to life with the natural landscape setting, revives to the delightful form of nature.


▼标志性的销售处建筑与蝴蝶式屋顶结构

The iconic sales gallery building with the butterfly roof structure

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▼从销售处的背后看蝴蝶式屋顶结构

Back view of the sales gallery building and the butterfly roof structure

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人们可以从森林馆的玻璃幕墙向外欣赏到360度的自然全景。自然景观也将映射在玻璃外墙上,让室内外空间融合在一起。 此外,玻璃外墙也使得森林馆的大部分空间拥有充足的自然光线。 广场、水景、开阔的草坪、台阶等景观元素,也从建筑形式简化为自然的自由形式,使建筑与景观的设计流畅地衔接起来。

The glass cladded building will provide panoramic nature views looking out from the Forest Pavilion building. Nature will be reflected on the glass cladded building, seamlessly connecting the space indoor and outdoor. Meanwhile, the glass cladding of the building allows abundant natural light into most spaces of the Forest Pavilion. Landscape elements, such as plaza, water feature, open lawn, and step have been simplified from the form of architecture to the loose form of nature, resulting a seamless flow of design between architecture and landscape.


▼阶梯式水景鸟瞰图

Bird eye view of the stepped water feature

FOREST PAVILION_13_PHOTO 9.jpg

▼露天剧场和活动草坪

Amphitheater and event lawn

FOREST PAVILION_14_PHOTO 10.jpg


销售结束后,森林馆将被改建为供Forestias 居民和公众使用的展览中心。为了确保隐私和安全,将实行分流和安保防控。 此外,还将分别为居民和公众设计独立的空中步道系统,从而让大家都能从一层行至二层,并能俯瞰Forestias 的森林景观。这些步道旨在吸引人们探索户外景观,当人们行走其间欣赏时,能感受到森林的辽阔、拥有开阔的视野,以及体会到神清气爽、还有自我满足感。

After the sales period, the Forest Pavilion will be converted to an exhibition center for both the residents at The Forestias and the public. Separated circulations and security control will be implemented to ensure the privacy and security. In addition, separated skywalk systems for private residences and public will be designed to lead people from the ground floor up to the second floor and overlook to the urban forest at The Forestias. They are designed to attract people to explore the outdoor landscape—when people are overlooking the space from the skywalks, it gives pleasant feeling of vastness, broad vision, self-contentment and refreshing perspectives.


▼空中走廊鸟瞰

Bird eye view of the skywalk

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▼浓密的树冠和空中走廊

Dense canopy and sky walk

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▼自然步道

Nature walk

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▼居民在其中自然漫步

Residents wander in the nature

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我们对售楼处的视觉效果进行了仔细研究。 三层楼的展示单元的室内房间到室外景观的视觉效果,也都做了分析,以确保人们在上下楼时,能看到不同的森林植被景观。 从一楼可看到许多树干矗立在垂直的水景之间,展现出令人放松的景色;在二楼,访客将看到瀑布的顶部,抬头时则会看到树冠,正是宜人的城市森林氛围;在最高的三楼,访客将欣赏到茂密葱郁的树冠,这也起到视觉屏障的作用,来确保与场馆相邻的居民隐私。 此外,在展示馆的室外花园中,5米高的瀑布和森林植被为展示馆增添了宜人的背景,并遮蔽了后方的住宅通道,呈现出一幅宁静如画的风景。

Visual effect has been carefully studied at the sales gallery building. For the 3-storey of show units, the visual study from indoor rooms to outdoor landscape have been examined to ensure the views of varying forest planting scenes as they move up or down the floors. On the ground floor, many tree trunks standing among the vertical water feature will be seen, creating a soothing landscape scenery; on the second floor, visitors will see the top of the waterfall feature and looking up to the sky people will see tree canopies, resulting a pleasant vibe of urban forest; on the highest third floor, visitors will be able to enjoy the dense, lush green canopies, while the visual barrier will ensure the privacy of the residences adjacent to the site. Moreover, at the outdoor garden of the show units, a 5 meters tall waterfall feature and the forest planting create a pleasant backdrop for the show units and screen out the residence pathway behind, resulting a tranquil picturesque landscape.


▼俯视5米高的瀑布

Top view of 5-meter tall waterfall

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▼5米高的瀑布

5-meter tall waterfall

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当访客从僵硬的人造展示馆走向草坪区附近的有机自然景观时,氛围也由此转变。标志性的梯形石头组采用简化的建筑形式,将被堆叠和排列为座位区、路径或水景等各式组合。 在活动草坪旁,水从出水口沿着堆叠的阶梯流淌而下。低台阶区域还安装了小型喷水器,为孩子们创造出一个水上游乐场。堆叠的水景台阶逐渐向草坪散开,营造出水流飞溅在草坪上的感觉。

The atmosphere changed from the rigid, manmade show units building as visitors walk towards the organic, natural landscape near the open lawn area. The signature trapezium unit of stones come from the simplified form of architecture, which will be stacked and arrayed as various combinations of seating areas, paths, and water features. Next to the event lawn, water flows from the water outlets to the stacking of water feature steps. Small water fountain jets have been installed at the lower step area to create a water play plaza for children. Stacks of water feature steps gradually scatter towards the lawn, creating the illusion of water flow and splash on the event lawn.


▼孩子们在阶梯式水景区嬉水

Children playing at the stepped water feature

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▼阶梯式水景细节

Details of the stepped water feature

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Forest Pavilion将按照国际环境标准SITES、WELL和LEED设置一系列可持续的景观设计元素。绿色和蓝色空间,包括草坪、森林、蓄水池和水景,都位于距森林馆100米的步行距离内,并允许所有住户在开放时间内进入。为符合环境和安全设计要求,铺装材料也经过仔细了选择。此外,所有入选的植物品种都将达到SITES的设计标准,即大部分都属于低维护、需水量少、非侵入性的品种。

景观设计中采用特殊的种植设计方案。在入口处,种植了雨树(Samanea saman (Jacq.)Merr.作为森林馆的地标。在深入售楼处的内部庭院中,特别选择了低维护的植物品种组合,浓密的树冠将作为森林馆和周围住宅间的视觉阻隔,从而确保住户拥有高度的隐私。

A series of sustainable landscape design elements will be installed at the Forest Pavilion following the international environmental standards of SITES, WELL, and LEED. Green and blue spaces, including lawn, forest, detention pond, and water features are all located within 100 meters walking distance from the Forest Pavilion building and are accessible to all regular building occupants during open hours of the space. Paving materials have been carefully selected to fulfill environmental and safety design requirements. In addition, all plants species selected will attain the design standard of SITES, with the majority of low maintenance, less water required and non-invasive species. 
Special planting design schemes have been applied in the landscape design. At the entrance area, feature Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr. (Chamchuri tree) will be planted as the landmark of the Forest Pavilion. When moving to the inner courtyard further from the sales gallery building, a mix of plant species will be specifically selected with low maintenance requirement, and with dense canopies to act as visual buffer zones between the Forest Pavilion and its surrounding residences, ensuring the highest privacy of all users.


▼售楼处内部庭院中茂密的植物

Lush plants in the inner courtyard of the sales gallery building

FOREST PAVILION_21_PHOTO 17.jpg


我们从2017年出版的《生物科学》杂志中了解到,与自然更亲近的人通常更快乐。 此外,著名心理学教授卡普兰斯也证明,当人们看到绿色空间时,健康和幸福感都得到提升。 因此,我们将最大化项目场地内的植被覆盖率。 在森林馆中,我们计划种植一个混合了183种本土物种、23258棵树苗的宫胁生态林。这样便在森林馆中实现了60%的植被覆盖,例如 20%的生态森林、3%的生态沼泽、22%的常规软景和15%的草坪。这一植被覆盖比例可以确保所有居民的心理健康。

一片充满活力的生态森林景观如同一座人间天堂,将随着现在和未来世代而不断成长和进化,居民也将成为这个进化中的生态系统的一部分,在这里他们将与自然进程建立起亲密连接,并直接见证令人难忘的森林生长过程。

As we have learnt from the BioScience journal issued in 2017 that people who are more connected with nature are happier in general. In addition, the famous psychology professors, Kaplans, have also proven that as people see a green space, it can improve the health and wellbeing. We have therefore maximized the vegetation cover within the project site. At Forest Pavilion, we intended to create a Miyawaki eco forest with mix of 183 indigenous species and a total of 23,258 saplings. As a result of this, there is 60% of vegetation cover we have provided at the Forest Pavilion, such as 20% of eco forest, 3% of bioswale, 22% of general softscape, and 15% of lawn. With this percentage of vegetation cover, we can ensure the good mental health of all residents. 
This dynamic eco forest landscape is a living paradise that will grow and evolve along with the current and future generations, and residents become a part of this evolving ecosystem, where they will have intimate connections with natural processes and memorable experience of the forest growth first-hand.


▼森林馆里的生物多样性

Biodiversity in Forest Pavilion

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结论

CONCLUSION


森林馆和Forestias 中其他开发项目的设计都经过了扎实的研究,来确保实现所有用户的幸福,并提供了丰富的设施和活动。它将成为所有居民的聚集地,可在节日期间举办活动,或为休闲活动提供私密空间。Forestias的住户和周边住宅的居民都可以来享受这些户外空间,进而创造一个充满包容性的当地社区。

此处的自然环境规模已远远超出我们通常所见的任何典型城市环境的规模。在森林馆中,访客将享受与自然共处的清新体验。它将成为在城市肌理中城市森林生活方式的示范场所。由此,人们会发现舒适的自然环境以及整合的可持续性设计与高品质现代生活方式的重要性。

森林馆是理想的生活庇护所,展示出居住在城市森林中的幸福。良好的环境令居民健康长寿,也会为一代代的家庭创造一个温馨的社会环境。居民将与自然和谐共享,并学习如何融入自然,从而提升人们的意识去创建一个更美好、更可持续的世界。

随着社区不断发展,我们也将持续观察社区的成长变化。该项目将成为有价值的数据库,为泰国未来的开发提供灵感。它可能成为本国住房发展的一个转折点,由此催生一系列高品质的住房项目。依照这一范式,一定会为所有人创建一个更美好的生活环境。

The Forest Pavilion and the other developments at The Forestias have been designed with solid researches to support the happiness of all users, which provides a variety of amenities and activities. It will be the gathering place for all residents, holding events at festivals, and providing privacy space for relaxing activities. All residents within The Forestias and the surrounding housing projects can come and enjoy these outdoor spaces, creating an inclusive local community. 
The scale of natural environment here has been extended further beyond any typical urban environment we usually see. At the Forest Pavilion, visitors will enjoy a refreshing experience of living with nature. It will be the demonstrating place of urban forest living among the urban fabric; hence people will discover comfortable natural environment and the importance of integrated sustainable design with a high quality of modern lifestyle.
Forest Pavilion is the ideal living sanctuary that demonstrates happiness of dwelling within the urban forest. A good quality of environment will lead good health and long life of residents, and it also create a kind and warm society, for generations of families. Residents will share mutual benefits with nature harmoniously, learning how to be part of nature and raising awareness to create a better and more sustainable world. 
As the community evolves, we will continue to observe the growth of the community. So that the project will become valuable data and be inspiration to future developments in Thailand. It can be a turning point of the housing developments in the country and lead to a series of high quality housing projects. Following this prototype, it will definitely create a better living environment for all people.


项目名称:FOREST PAVILION, THE FORESTIAS,泰国北榄府

景观设计:TK STUDIO CO., LTD.

首席景观设计师:Tawatchai Kobkaikit

团队:

Nantawan Sirisup 

Punyada Klinpaka

Passaporn Shompoopun 

Nottaporn Gatewattanatorn

Patcharanat Phokhinthanasiri

Nikom Mangiew 

Sirikun Thirawatthanaset

Tummanoon Jaitheing

Wasin Somsak

网站:http://tkstudio.co.th/

项目团队:

建筑设计: FOSTER + PARTNERS

本土建筑设计:DT DESIGN

室内设计:BUG & DT DESIGN

结构和土木工程:EEC LINCOLNE SCOTT

机电工程:EEC ENGINEERING NETWORK

照明系统:APLD

硬景承包商:CHRISTIANI & NIELSEN(泰国)

软景承包商:CPS

工程造价:AECOM(泰国)

可持续发展顾问:ATELIER TEN LTD.

摄影师:RUNGKIT CHAROENWAT,Dr.ANONG CHANAMOOL, RICS

项目委托:QUALITY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION LIMITED

项目总面积:14,605 m2

项目景观面积:11,435 m2 

项目地址:泰国萨穆特•普拉坎省邦菲里区邦凯街道

设计时间: 2018年10月 – 2019年11月

建造时间:2019年12月 – 2020年8月

Project name: FOREST PAVILION, THE FORESTIAS, Samut Prakan, Thailand 

Landscape Design: TK STUDIO CO., LTD.

Chief Landscape Designer: Tawatchai Kobkaikit

Team: 

Nantawan Sirisup 

Punyada Klinpaka

Passaporn Shompoopun 

Nottaporn Gatewattanatorn

Patcharanat Phokhinthanasiri

Nikom Mangiew 

Sirikun Thirawatthanaset

Tummanoon Jaitheing

Wasin Somsak

Website: http://tkstudio.co.th/ 

Project teams: 

Architect: FOSTER + PARTNERS

Local Architect: DT DESIGN

Interior Designer: BUG & DT DESIGN

Structural and Civil Engineer: EEC LINCOLNE SCOTT

MEP Engineer: EEC ENGINEERING NETWORK

Lighting Specialist: APLD

Hardscape Contractor: CHRISTIANI & NIELSEN (THAI)

Softscape Contractor: CPS

Quantity Surveyor: AECOM (THAILAND)

Sustainability consultant: ATELIER TEN LTD.

Photographer: RUNGKIT CHAROENWAT, DR. ANONG CHANAMOOL, RICS

Client: MAGNOLIA QUALITY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION LIMITED

Total Area: 14,605 m2

Landscape Area: 11,435 m2

Location: Bangkaew Subdistrict, Bang Phli District, Samut Prakan Province, Thailand

Design year: 10/2018 - 11/2019

Year Built: 12/2019 - 08/2020



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