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Little Island,纽约小岛景观建筑设计 | Heatherwick Studio

HeatherwickStudio 2021-06-01
  • 项目名称:
  • 项目地点:
  • 项目规模:
    11,000 m2
  • 设计公司:
  • 施工单位:
    Hunter Roberts Construction Group
  • 委托方:
    Hudson River Park Trust (HRPT) & Pier 55 Project Fund (P55P)
  • 建成时间:
    May 2021
  • 所获奖项:
    Architect's Newspaper,Unbuilt Landscape, Honorable Mention
  • 图片来源:
    Timothy Schenck,

Little Island 小岛是哈德逊河上新建的公园,它承载了该河上三个全新的表演场所。小岛被设计为人与野生生物的世外桃源,并通过雕塑般的种植槽将这方绿洲托举在水上。经由步道,只需片刻步程便能到达曼哈顿下西区。

Little Island is a new public park that shelters three new performance venues on the Hudson River. Designed as a haven for people and wildlife, it is a green oasis, held above the water by sculptural planters, and located just a short walk across a gangplank from Manhattan’s Lower West Side.


Little Island View from 11th Ave © Timothy Schenck

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aerial view © Timothy Schenck

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Little Island held above the water © Timothy Schenck

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Little Island Park entrance © Angela Weiss

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Little Island Gangplank at sunset © Angela Weiss

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起初,Heatherwick Studio应慈善家Barry Diller与哈德逊河公园信托公司之邀,为曼哈顿西南边的新码头设计一座公共场馆。不过设计团队并未囿于一座单纯的装饰性建筑,而是从中察觉到重新思考和定义码头的契机。设计的出发点并非结构,而是游客的体验:凌于水上的兴奋感,以及沉浸于绿意、,远离尘嚣的惬意——这一想法是受到中央公园的启发而产生的,在那里人们会忘却自己正身处美国人口最稠密的城市当中。

Heatherwick Studio was initially invited by philanthropist Barry Diller and the Hudson River Park Trust to create a pavilion for a new pier off the south-west of Manhattan. Instead of designing a decorative object to sit in the Hudson River Park, the design team saw an opportunity to rethink what a pier could be. The starting point was not the structure, but the experience for visitors: the excitement of being over the water, the feeling of leaving the city behind and being immersed in greenery – inspired by Central Park, where it’s possible to forget that you are in the midst of the most densely populated city in the United States.


GENERAL PARK PLAN © Heatherwick Studio and MNLA

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Little Island site plan © Timothy Schenck

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The centre of Little Island  is a flexible venue with capacity for larger scale events © Timothy Schenck

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the recreation area © Timothy Schenck

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Piers were traditionally flat to allow boats to dock, but did they have to be? In contrast to the flat streets of Manhattan, the design team wanted to create a new topography for the city, which could rise up to shape a variety of spaces. The first iteration was a curled leaf form floating on the water, its veins rising like ribs at the edges to shelter the space from the wind. The idea of raising the park on its foundations came from the existing wooden piles in the water, remnants of the many piers that used to extend from the shoreline of Manhattan. Beneath the visible tips of the wood, the piles have become an important habitat for marine life and are a protected breeding ground for fish.


geological section © Heatherwick Studio and MNLA



the contours of the park © Timothy Schenck

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the existing wooden piles in the water inspired designers © Timothy Schenck

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Heatherwick Studio将码头构想为一场完整的体验:一个富有凝聚力的单体构筑物,而非无关元素的堆砌。新的基柱总是必要的无论什么形式的码头都需要新的基柱,但它们不再只是支撑甲板的柱子,而是成为甲板本身——延展成种植槽,并相互融为一体,共同构成了公园的表面。高低错落的基柱桩构成了公园的轮廓:码头的一角被抬升,使阳光能照射到下方的海洋栖息地;边缘部分垂下,塑造出山丘、观景台,以及可举办演出的天然露天剧场。如此,码头与它的支撑结构浑然一体。

Heatherwick Studio envisaged the pier as a complete experience; a single, cohesive object, rather than unrelated elements stuck together. New piles would be necessary to support any type of pier. Instead of sticks holding up a deck, the piles become the deck – they extend into planters that join together to create the park’s surface. The height of the piles varies to create the park’s contours: the corner of the pier is lifted to allow sunlight to reach the marine habitat, and the edge falls to define hills, viewpoints and to carve out a natural amphitheatre for performances. In this way, the pier and its supporting structure are one.


The piles extend into planters that join together to create the park’s surface  © Timothy Schenck

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the corner of the pier is lifted to allow sunlight to reach the marine habitat  © Timothy Schenck

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highest point © Timothy Schenck

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The modules at the entrance raised up as the southeast viewing spot © Timothy Schenck

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The theatre needed back-of-house spaces, but the design team didn’t want to interrupt the park with a building. The solution came through the structure: the tallest piles transfer the load to lower piles, allowing a void to be created beneath the deck. In this undercroft, the foundations are revealed and a viewing platform is created above the water, allowing a unique perspective of the pier and river, while concealing the facilities on a discreet deck. Every aspect of the experience has been considered, from the way the greenery unfolds on the approach to the view from each theatre seat. With its unique mix of venues and parkland, Little Island is a pause in the pace of Manhattan; a place where New Yorkers and visitors can cross the river to lie under a tree, watch a performance, catch the sunset and feel connected to the water and natural world.


the amphitheatre  © Timothy Schenck


section © Heatherwick Studio and MNLA




The planters, or ‘pots’ are filled with more than a hundred different species of indigenous trees and plants, which encourage biodiversity and are able to thrive in New York’s climate – each corner of the island represents a different microclimate. 


the recreation area © Timothy Schenck

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There are roughly 400 different species of trees, shrubs, grasses and perennials throughout Little Island and at least 100 different species of trees through the park that are suited to the New York climate. Each corner of the island represents a different microclimate depending on the topography, sun exposure and wind patterns.


A rich mix of plants on Little Island © Timothy Schenck

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The four seasons are evident through flowering trees and shrubs in spring, evolving perennial displays in summer, foliage blended with softer hues of grasses in fall, and evergreens trees and shrubs in winter.


General park plan in different seasons © Heatherwick Studio and MNLA



To determine the pots’ form, the design team looked to nature, and the mosaic of ice that forms around the wooden piles when the river freezes. The studio reinterpreted this in a tessellated pattern that appears organic, but uses repeated elements that could be standardised for fabrication. 


General park undercroft  plan © Heatherwick Studio



organic but uses repeated elements that could be standardized for fabrication  © Heatherwick Studio and MNLA

▼花槽细部剖面 & 轴测分解图

detail pot section & exploded pot axon © Heatherwick Studio and MNLA



exterior view © Timothy Schenck

Little Island 2021_05_20 DSC_0537_CREDIT_Timothy Schenck.jpg

在小岛四周最为明显的位置,这些花槽的角度和重复方式经过了尤其细致的考量。为了让混凝土结构拥有光滑的触感,Heatherwick Studio与当地一家制造商进行了密切合作。预制构件通过船只被运送至场地进行组装,最大限度地减少了对城市的干扰。

Care was taken to vary the angle and repetition of pots at the perimeter, where they were most visible. To give the structural concrete a smooth, tactile quality, Heatherwick Studio worked closely with a local fabricator. The precast components were transported by boats and assembled on site, minimising disruption to the city.


‘tulip pot’ modules were taken carefully at the perimeter © Timothy Schenck

Little Island_Side view 2_CREDIT_Timothy Schenck.jpg



Piles under construction © Little Island


项目名称:Little Island 小岛

项目地点:New York 纽约

项目规模:11,000 m2

设计公司:Heatherwick Studio 赫斯维克建筑事务所

施工单位:Hunter Roberts Construction Group

委托方:Hudson River Park Trust (HRPT) & Pier 55 Project Fund (P55P)

建成时间:May 2021

图片来源:Heatherwick Studio

所获奖项:Architect's Newspaper,Unbuilt Landscape, Honorable Mention










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